Tourism Leon.es

Walk Jewels

The Jewish Route. Sefarad's Fingerprints
The Jewish Route. Sefarad's Fingerprints

In 1196 Castro was devastated Bridge and his aljama moved to León's City, delimited for current Major Plaza, of Holy Ana and of the Grain.
Many names remember his commercial past, Shoe stores, Silverworks, Azabachería ... but Cal de la Sinagoga's echo, Lime of Moors, Cal Silvana, has died centuries ago to be replaced with Mercy, Santa Cruz, Door of the Sol...

In 1196 Castro was devastated Bridge and his aljama moved to León's City, delimited for current Major Plaza, of Holy Ana and of the Grain.

Many names remember his commercial past, Shoe stores, Silverworks, Azabachería ... but Cal de la Sinagoga's echo, Lime of Moors, Cal Silvana, has died centuries ago to be replaced with Mercy, Santa Cruz, Door of the Sol...

His major synagogue was placing in the street Mercy, and there are appearing vestiges that remember(remind) the Hebrew presence in León: remains of medieval constructions in the former aljama, warehouses, courts (as that of Jabalquinto), passages(tickets) as the Gap of the Jews, after the fachadas that they conceal his medieval origin.

The Hebrews were exercising the most varied activities, under the protection of the Jurisdiction of 1090, which grants rights very similar to Jews and Christians, which often one forgets remembering(reminding) only to the collectors of taxes and lenders.

In this moment there appears the most relevant figure of the culture and the Jewish thought from Leon: Moses de León, born about 1240, author of the Book of the Zohar (I Free of the Brilliance), that is considered to be the principal cabbalistic work.

Advanced the Middle Ages, they change the dynasties, economic crises happen, the epidemics asolan the cities, and the tolerant treatment(deal) towards the Jews gives step to the fear of the population.

This change of attitude does that, from the S. The XIVth, there limit themselves the rights of the Hebrew people(village), allowing to the Christians to attack with impunity the Jews: The Allotments and the Lorenzana in 1449 entered the Jewry her(it) plundering and hurting his(her,your) inhabitants. Everything contributed(paid) that the Jewish population of León was decreasing.

In 1492 the Kings Católicos sign the decree of expulsion of the Jews, putting end(purpose) to centuries of living together. Many(many people) decided to turn, but for a long time they met threatened by the suspicion of judaizantes.

The Hebrews were exercising the most varied activities, under the protection of the Jurisdiction of 1090, which grants rights very similar to Jews and Christians, which often one forgets remembering(reminding) only to the collectors of taxes and lenders.

Initially the aljama there places in the current neighborhood of Bridge Castro, so called Castrum Iudeorum, whose first Hebrew elements of mend to the 10th century, but whose(which) zenith places in the XIth and XIIth century. His(her,your) remains remain in process of excavation in the Hill of the Speck, financed by the Excmo. León's town hall.

From his(her,your) cemetery there come several funeral tablets distributed between(among) León's Museum, the Synagogue of the Traffic (Toledo) and León's Museum - cathedral.

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